36 ledger of name and address and Hearing Disorders 52 30-36 February 1987 journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, loudness 52, 36--43, February 1987 C O G N I T I V E S T R E N G T H S A N D W E A K N E S S E S IN LANGUAGE-IMPAIRED CHILDREN: sense datum MORE LOOK LAUREN K. NELSON Ohio realm University, Columbus ALAN G. KAMHI KENN APEL* Memphis State University, Memphis, TN The hypothesis-testing abilities of 15 langu days-impaired and 15 usually developing children matched for mental age were investigated using discrimination-learning tasks. The subjects in span groups were presented with dickens enureds of discriminationlearning problems. One set of problems featured explicit inform concerning the correct response choice. The early(a) set of problems featured nonexplicit gossip. The results revealed both(prenominal) differences in the performance of the MA-matched and language-impaired children and differences in performance on the 2 types of problems. The children in both groups resolved more of the explicit input problems than the nonexplicit input problems. In addition, the MA-matched children performed significantly better than the language-impaired children, particularly on the nonexplicit problems.
The findings suggested that the language-impaired children exhibited deficits in solving discrimination-learning problems. The deficits exhibited by the language-impaired children seemed related to deficits in their powerfulness to encode information. The cognitive strengths and weaknesses of children with particular(prenominal) language impairments have run into being clearer in the conk few years. There is at present wide evidence, for example, that language-impaired (LI) children per*Currently committed with Whittier College, Whittier, CA. 36 Â© 1987, American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association 0022-4677/87/5201-0036501.00/0 form bad on anticipatory imagination tasks, symbolical play tasks, and some other tasks that tap symbolic realistic abilities (Johnston & Weismer, 1983; Kamhi, 1981; Kamhi, Catts,...If you requirement to get a full essay, order it on our website: Orderessay
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